Kimberley Process Certification Scheme

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Targeted Industry: Diamond industry (standards apply to governments)
Stated Aim: “To stem the flow of conflict diamonds—rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance wars against legitimate governments.” (Kimberley Process Certification Scheme Tagline)
Historical context: Civil society campaigns regarding the trade in conflict diamonds led to UN resolutions and political attention on the issue.
Year Launched: 2003
Method of Operation: KPCS regulates national trade of diamonds by requiring certification of diamonds as conflict free.  Member countries can only trade certified diamonds.
Monitored Entities: Governments Examples of Relevant Rights-holders: Miners, particularly smallholders and artisanal miners; individuals living in mining communities and near diamond trading centers
Membership (as of December 31, 2013): Governments (76), civil society organizations (11), industry organization (1)